Vapenology Guide to Vaping

E-cigarettes vs Traditional Tobacco Cigarettes


 


Since word spread about the arrival of the e-cigarettes a lot has taken toll. A lot of people who were formerly slaves of the traditional tobacco cigarettes have been able to break free by turning to e-cigarettes. By this, they have assured, a longer life expectancy and so much more. However, up till date, a lot of people do not know what e-cigarettes are or the difference between them and a regular deadly cigarette.


The Difference

ü 


While the traditional tobacco cigarettes contain 4,000 and over carcinogenic bi-products, e-cigarettes

ü  E-cigarettes unlike the traditional cigarettes do not contain tobacco and does not involve combustion

ü  Unlike regular cigarettes, e-cigarettes utilize liquefied nicotine and produce less harmful water vapour instead of harmful smoke.

ü  E-cigarettes are smoke-free.





Smokers find it really difficult to quit smoking because of a sting called “oral fixation” they have developed over time. Oral fixation is a psychological condition which causes a person with this condition to crave for a form of oral stimulation. Which of course in this context, the cigarette is the stimulant.  In situations like this, for a smoker, the addiction lies more in the portion of smoking rather than in the nicotine itself. Oral fixation is the reason smokers attempting to quit often find chewing gum very dear or consuming more snacks than they usually did as smokers (reason being that nicotine is a natural hunger inhibitor).

E-cigarettes have helped millions of smokers attempting to quit, survive oral fixation. E-cigarettes is actually a safer alternative to traditional tobacco cigarette. The act of inhaling and exhaling the vapour from an e-cigarette is called vaping.


*Cut away from traditional tobacco cigarettes, they kill

           


 

The E-cigarette



                   

©2011 HowStuffWorks



An e-cigarette is an electronic smoking device that allows you inhale and exhale nicotine in liquid form (vapour) rather than smoke, simulating the feeling of a regular cigarette.

An e-cigarettes functionality is no rocket science, its operation is based on a simple process that is not far-fetched.

The e-cigarette has an inbuilt lithium-ion battery which activates a heating device. This heat producing device atomizes (breaks up into droplets) the liquid nicotine (aka juice or e-juice) which is stored in a cartridge into vapour thereby producing the vapour that is inhaled. Users of the e-cigarette are able to vape for days without having to make any adjustments to their e-cigarette because of the type of tank. There are different types of tanks and these tanks have different features and applications.



Common E-cigarette Questions Answered


It is no longer news that the e-cigarette is the reason there have been and still are, a lot of smokers quitting. Almost every day, there is increasing evidence that e-cigarettes can help smokers quit. Facts respected, e-cigarettes are not completely risk-free however, they are by far less harmful than the traditional cigarette and with the adequate support, and they will help you quit smoking for good.


Here are answers to commonly asked questions about e-cigarettes:



What are e-cigarettes and how do they work?

·         An e-cigarette is an electronic smoking device that allows you inhale and exhale nicotine in liquid form (vapour) rather than smoke, simulating the feeling of a regular cigarette. E-cigarettes are not smoked, they are vaped. They have some potentially harmful contents that are found in a regular cigarette however, they are at a much manageable level. E-cigarettes function on lithium-ion batteries which power a heating element that atomizes liquid nicotine stored in a tank within the cigarette, thereby producing vapour.



Will Using e-cigarette help me stop smoking?

·         Yes, with adequate support, they will help you quit smoking for good. Growing evidence shows that e-cigarettes produce better results at helping people quit smoking compared to most other nicotine replacement therapies such as using patches. Records show that people who use e-cigarettes with support from local-stop-smoking-service have higher quit rates and two-thirds of them quite successfully.


Are some e-cigarettes better than others?

·         Yes, some e-cigarettes are actually better than others. There are various brands of e-cigarettes and each performs differently in the delivery of nicotine. An e-cigarette with a quick and efficient delivery of nicotine will give you a better chance of quitting smoking. Some current e-cigarettes use rechargeable batteries and have refillable tanks, these ones are usually better than the disposable ones.


Are e-cigarettes available on prescription?

·         No, e-cigarettes are not yet certified in the UK by NHS (National Health Service). However, when they are certified, prescriptions from healthcare professionals will be possible. Until then, e-cigarettes can be bought from pharmacies or vape shops.


How safe are e-cigarettes?

·        E-cigarettes are not entirely risk-free, they contain some of the harmful chemicals found in a regular cigarette however they are at manageable levels. They do not produce tar and carbon monoxide which are the real threats in traditional cigarettes. In fact, in the UK, e-cigarettes are tightly regulated to ensure that they meet standards. In 2015, England’s independent evidence reported that vaping based on gathered evidence is about 95% less harmful than smoking. More evidence on the positivity of e-cigarettes continues to grow.


Is e-cigarette vapour harmful to others?

·         There is no evidence so far which proves that vaping put people around you at risk. However, evidence holds that any risk or harm which might exist will be extremely low when compared with tobacco smoke.


Do e-cigarettes pose fire risks?

·         Just like every other electronic device, e-cigarettes pose risks of fire outbreak.

There have been reports of e-cigarettes exploding or catching fire, however, with proper caution, stories as such can be eradicated. E-cigarettes should not be left charging overnight, their proper chargers should be used for them as well.


How are cigarettes regulated in the UK?

·        In the UK, it is illegal to sell an e-cigarette to anyone under 18, it is also illegal for adults to buy them for under 18’s. E-cigarettes here are subject to comprehensive regulation, the quality, standards, and packaging are duly monitored. Advertising in print, online and or other electronic media will result in a ban.


Who is using e-cigarettes?

The adults. In Great Britain, an estimated 2.9 million adults currently use them as they have gradually become the most popular stop-smoking aid in England. Of these 2.9 million, about 1.5 million have seized smoking completely, however, 1.3 million continue to smoke their regular cigarette alongside the e-cigarette. 11% of children between the ages of11 to 16 experiment with them. However, amongst these children e-cigarette use is rare with just 1% using it weekly.


Reporting a safety concern with e-cigarettes

Generally speaking, there is a mandate upon everyone to report every safety concern associated with the use of e-cigarette products. Anyone who suspects a side effect to health cause from the utilization of e-cigarettes should make reports.

              


The New Vaping Laws you should know about in 2017


                  


TPD Law: TPD is the acronym for Tobacco Product Directive. It is a regulatory body which was formed by the EU to inform member states of the EU how to control tobacco. TPD is responsible for the regulation of all forms of advertisement, marketing and production/manufacturing of electronic cigarettes. As a result of this law, in recent times, vendors and retailers of the e-cigarette have had to reduce their prices severally so they might abide by the new TPD laws.



TPD Laws


Maximum refill containers cannot exceed 10ml.

Aside from the increase of environmental waste from all these extra plastic bottles, this will increase e-liquid cost as packaging makes up a significant part of the cost of production.


Maximum nicotine strength of 20mg.

A blow to new users who are coming from a heavy smoking habit, 24mg was a common strength to help initially kick the cigarettes. The biggest effect will be on the DIY market, where high strength nicotine concentrate of up to 72mg/L was commonly used to mix your own juice. No “end consumer” can purchase nicotine base liquid in strength over 20mg/L and bottle size over 10ml.


Maximum tank capacity of 2ml.

Say goodbye to a lot of the high performance and “sub ohm” vaping tanks and a massive reduction of product choice. Expect only a few compliant tanks to be available and to be refilling them much more often.


Product approvals, Packaging requirements, customer notifications, and data reporting.

Some of this is welcomed by the industry to increase quality control and safety, however much of this is already done voluntarily by reputable retailers and manufacturers. Costly product registration for each and every product variation (each variation of strength and flavor) will massively reduce e-liquid choice and new flavors brought to market. Extra business costs for compliance will ultimately lead to increased cost of products for the consumer.

             


Things you should know as Owner of an E-cigarette



Terms Defined:


E-cigarette: An e-cigarette is an electronic smoking device that allows you inhale and exhale nicotine in liquid form (vapour) rather than smoke, simulating the feeling of a regular cigarette.


E-liquid: The e-liquid is what contains the nicotine and flavouring of the e-cigarette. It is a fluid which fuels e-cigarette.


Contents of the E-liquid

A lot of people really want to know the constituent parts of the e-liquid, it’s really necessary to know exactly what you take into your body. The e-liquid is made up of 4 main components, these components include:


Ø  Nicotine: Though one of the core ingredients, it is optional. As a way of quitting traditional smoking, the quantity of nicotine is gradually reduced. It is a method that works, as the success rate of quitting cigarette is really high. The nicotine used in e-liquid is of pharmaceutical grade and is 99.86-99.l93 percent pure.


Ø  Vegetable Glycerine: This is a vegetable based liquid which is sweet to the taste. It is non-toxic and considered safe for human consumption by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). The vegetable glycerine aids in vapour production.


Ø  Propylene Glycol: This is a thin liquid considered by FDA, safe for consumption. It is generally used as a flavour carrier and colouring in many food products. It is also a constituent of the regular asthma inhaler.


Ø  Flavouring: There are a variety of chemicals used as constituents in the e-liquid some of which include coffee, sherbet, tobacco, and others.



The above listed are the regular constituents of e-liquid. However, not all manufacturers produce standard e-cigarettes. They reduce the purity of the e-liquid constituents to cut down cost. Good thing there are regulatory bodies which inspect these manufacturers, you can safely get e-cigarettes. Several tests carried out over the years on the combination of the e-liquid constituents presents vaping as a much healthier alternative to smoking the traditional tobacco cigarettes.



E-cigarette Battery Safety

As you would know by now, e-cigarette batteries are lithium-ion batteries and proper attention is to be given in terms of handling it. Here is a list of battery precautions which will ensure the durability of your battery.


    Buy batteries and chargers from a reputable seller


A lot of fake batteries and chargers can easily be found in the market, however, they should be avoided. The batteries and chargers are very delicate parts of the e-cigarette, they are not parts to be played with. You can spot a reputable seller in the UK by identifying an ECITA logo. This logo means that their products are screened at least twice yearly to ensure preserved standards. There are still some reputable sellers who have this logo.

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Use the right charger


Using the wrong charger for an e-cigarette is prone to cause problems to the battery as it might not supply the required current. Always use chargers recommended by your supplier to avoid problems.

     Avoid direct sunlight, heat, and temperatures too cold


Experts have advised that extreme temperature conditions could lead to melting and deforming of batteries in batteries which can, in the long run, lead to electrolyte leakage and possible explosions.

    

     Prevent batteries from coming in contact with water

It is advisable to get rid of batteries that have come in contact with water by either dropping it in a recycling station or returning it to the suppliers. If by any means your battery gets damaged, dispose of it as a hazardous waste.

    

     Always prevent batteries from coming in contact with metals


Metals such as keys, coins should not be placed together with batteries. It is very wise to avoid such contacts, especially in your pockets.


      Have your batteries cleaned


The fire service department advises that on a regular basis (weekly) batteries should be cleaned. They recommend checking the e-cigarettes battery contact points for accumulated dirt and if found, to be wiped by a cotton bud or tissue slightly damped by alcohol.

    

     Travelling by pale with batteries


Most airlines require that you place batteries in your cabin luggage. Your e-cigarettes should be turned off by pressing the button five times, before being put away.

    

     Using e-cigarettes abroad


It is recommended that you buy plug adaptors in the countries (which will be properly rated) you find yourself in as the voltage supplied varies from country to country. Remember to always use the recommended chargers for your e-cigarettes.




How to Store and Look after your Batteries

Because storing batteries properly extends the life of the battery and prevents them from becoming safety hazards, tips for looking after them should be taken. Here are some good tips:

ü  Always store batteries in a cool dry place not subjected to extreme temperature conditions.

ü  Store batteries with their positive and negative terminals away from each other so they don’t generate heat which could lead to a fire.

ü  Avoid storing new batteries with older ones as there is a possibility that the new batteries will contact electricity into the older ones.

ü  Avoid storing batteries from metal objects such as keys and coins.

What can go wrong with you E-cigarette Battery?

Though batteries are usually tested before leaving the factory, we often still experience some problems with new or somewhat new batteries. If you experience problems regularly with e-cigarette batteries if when changed, you should consider your charger. It could be possible that the charger you have does not fit the battery you have. It is advisable to buy both battery and charger from a single supplier.



Nicotine Strengths: What is Right for you


               

Firstly, congratulations on choosing the e-cigarette as an alternative to the traditional tobacco cigarettes. You are on a right path as this is a decision which will greatly improve your health.

In the bid to drop a smoking habit and become clean through the use of e-cigarettes, it is really important that you have a good understanding of nicotine and the levels you need that will aid your smooth transition.

Well, you can figure out what nicotine level to jump into by first knowing the measurement i.e. knowing the quantity of nicotine (in milligrams) contained in each millilitre of e-liquid. This entire measurement is expressed in mg/ml i.e. milligrams (weight)/per millilitre (volume), however, some companies prefer to express it in percentage instead. You get to see 1.5% instead 15mg/ml. By knowing this, you are aware of the fact that e-liquids come in various strengths (high, medium and low). This is a good start.

It is really important that you begin vaping with a nicotine level very close to your traditional tobacco cigarette level. This is explained with the two terms below:

Ø  Smoke to compensate: Normally, as a normal tobacco cigarette smoker, your body is accustomed to a specific amount of nicotine. Now, in transition to vaping for the purpose of quitting tobacco smoking, if your e-liquid has a nicotine strength lower than your traditional tobacco nicotine strength, there will be compensation. Compensation means a craving for more nicotine quantity than your normal level. This implies that it will take more nicotine than usual to satisfy your craving.

Compensation is the reason most unaware smokers who delve into vaping in the bid to quit smoking often dump vaping with belief that it only makes matters worse. This is why it is important to get your nicotine strength right.

Ø  Overdose:  On the other hand, if when you begin vaping (as an individual trying to quit tobacco smoking), you begin with a nicotine strength far above your regular tobacco nicotine level, you are likely to get an uneasy feeling. This can ultimately cause such individual (trying to quit traditional tobacco smoking) to dislike vaping.

 Helpful Nicotine Level Chart


0mg/mL Nicotine: This means that there is no nicotine in your E-Liquid mixture. An ideal option for those enjoying vaping absent nicotine or those who have quit smoking but are trying to satisfy an oral fixation.


6mg/mL Nicotine: This is the level of nicotine fit for a tobacco light smoker. People who wish to enjoy the e-liquid taste but don’t want to get hooked. It is also a good level for tobacco cigarette smokers at the last stage.

12mg/mL Nicotine: This is a level for individuals who like nicotine but are not really into vaping. It is also good for people who are light traditional tobacco cigarette smokers.

18mg/ml Nicotine: Most smokers consider this level the middle of the road in terms of nicotine. Most vapers who quit smoking enjoy this level because it delivers a satisfying amount of nicotine.
24mg/ml Nicotine: This level of nicotine is really high. Individuals who were formally heavy smokers (about a pack a day) enjoy this level.

 


Helpful Q’s and A’s on Nicotine Strengths

1.       When you inhale, do you feel an uncomfortable burn at the back of your throat?

2.       Do you get a headache after just a light period of vaping?

3.       Do you often get really dizzy or light-headed after a few drags? 

·         If any of the 3 questions above apply to you, chances are you're taking a nicotine level that's higher than your body is comfortable with. In many people, a level slightly higher than their usual level could cause the above symptoms. Unfortunately, falling back to the normal nicotine level might not be an immediate solution to these symptoms, it might take a while.

Can I Reduce My Nicotine Level At Home?

·         Yes, it is possible to reduce your nicotine level at home. If you have enough e-fluid to complete your withdrawal process, it’s possible. Most people who love the flavoring often worry about a reduced flavor.  A way of retaining the flavor while reducing the nicotine content is by purchasing the same flavor with less nicotine and mixing the two.

For instance, if you wanted to take a 10mg/ml e-liquid down to 5mg/ml, buy the same flavor but with zero nicotine, mix both of them equally.  With this method, you can create any level you want, as long as you get your workings right.


A general rule: Just like the regular traditional cigarette, in practice, there is no way of getting an exact dose of nicotine. The dose is taken in at any time –even by trying to gauge how many puffs of an e-cigarette equals one tobacco cigarette- depends greatly on size, frequency, and depth of inhalation. Estimations are a good key to the door of getting your nicotine strength right, even if it requires “calculated” trial and error, get it right.

 

*Remember that E-cigarettes, unlike the traditional tobacco cigarettes, does not contain tobacco, does not involve combustion, and as such, remains a better alternative and way out of smoking